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List of South American Countries By Population and Area

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas, or America, which is how it is viewed in Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas.

South American Countries By Population and Area

No Country or territory Capital Area Population
(2018)
1  Argentina Buenos Aires 2,766,890 km2
(1,068,300 sq mi)
44,361,150
2  Bolivia La Paz,
Sucre
1,098,580 km2
(424,160 sq mi)
11,353,142
3 Bouvet Island
(Norway)
49 km2
(19 sq mi)
0
4  Brazil Brasília 8,514,877 km2
(3,287,612 sq mi)
209,469,323
5  Chile Santiago 756,950 km2
(292,260 sq mi)
18,729,160
6  Colombia Bogotá 1,141,748 km2
(440,831 sq mi)
49,661,048
7  Ecuador Quito 283,560 km2
(109,480 sq mi)
17,084,358
8  Falkland Islands Stanley 12,173 km2
(4,700 sq mi)
3,234
9  French Guiana Cayenne (Préfecture) 91,000 km2
(35,000 sq mi)
282,938
10  Guyana Georgetown 214,999 km2
(83,012 sq mi)
779,006
11  Paraguay Asunción 406,750 km2
(157,050 sq mi)
6,956,066
12  Peru Lima 1,285,220 km2
(496,230 sq mi)
31,989,260
13 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
(United Kingdom)
King Edward Point 3,093 km2
(1,194 sq mi)
20
14  Suriname Paramaribo 163,270 km2
(63,040 sq mi)
575,990
15  Uruguay Montevideo 176,220 km2
(68,040 sq mi)
3,449,285
16  Venezuela Caracas 916,445 km2
(353,841 sq mi)
28,887,118
Total 17,824,513 km2
(6,882,083 sq mi)
423,581,078

 

South American population by country (top 10)

  • Brazil (49.4%)
  • Colombia (11.8%)
  • Argentina (10.5%)
  • Peru (7.6%)
  • Venezuela (6.7%)
  • Chile (4.4%)
  • Ecuador (4.1%)
  •  Bolivia (2.7%)
  •   Paraguay (1.6%)
  •   Uruguay (0.8%)
  •  Other (0.4%)
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