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List of African Countries By Population And Area

Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30.3 million km² including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth’s total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.3 billion people as of 2018, it accounts for about 16% of the world’s human population.

African Countries By Population And Area

Rank Country
(or dependent territory)
Official
figure
(where
available)
Area
1  Nigeria 206,139,589 923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi)
2  Ethiopia 114,963,588 1,104,300 km2 (426,373 sq mi)
3  Egypt 102,334,404 1,001,449 km2 (386,662 sq mi)
4  Democratic Republic of the Congo 89,561,403 2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)
5  Tanzania 59,734,218 945,203 km2 (364,945 sq mi)
6  South Africa 59,622,350 1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi)
7  Kenya 53,714,296 580,367 km2 (224,081 sq mi)
8  Uganda 45,741,007 236,040 km2 (91,136 sq mi)
9  Algeria 43,000,420 2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi)
10  Sudan 42,268,269 1,861,484 km2 (718,723 sq mi)
11  Morocco 35,795,289 710,850 km2 (274,461 sq mi)
12  Mozambique 28,013,000 801,590 km2 (309,496 sq mi)
13  Ghana 31,072,940 238,534 km2 (92,098 sq mi)
14  Angola 24,383,301 1,246,700 km2 (481,354 sq mi)
15  Somalia 22,316,895 637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi)
16  Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire) 22,671,331 322,460 km2 (124,503 sq mi)
17  Madagascar 22,434,363 587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi)
18  Cameroon 21,917,602 475,442 km2 (183,569 sq mi)
19  Burkina Faso 18,450,494 274,000 km2 (105,792 sq mi)
20  Niger 17,138,707 1,267,000 km2 (489,191 sq mi)
21  Malawi 16,832,900 118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi)
22  Zambia 15,473,905 752,614 km2 (290,586 sq mi)
23  Mali 14,528,662 1,240,192 km2 (478,841 sq mi)
24  Senegal 14,354,690 196,723 km2 (75,955 sq mi)
25  Zimbabwe 13,061,239 390,757 km2 (150,872 sq mi)
26  Chad 11,039,873 1,284,000 km2 (495,755 sq mi)
27  Tunisia 10,982,754 163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi)
28  Guinea 10,628,972 245,857 km2 (94,926 sq mi)
29  Rwanda 10,515,973 26,798 km2 (10,347 sq mi)
30  Benin 10,008,749 112,622 km2 (43,484 sq mi)
31  Burundi 9,823,828 27,830 km2 (10,745 sq mi)
32  South Sudan 8,260,490 644,329 km2 (248,777 sq mi)
33  Eritrea 6,536,000 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi)
34  Sierra Leone 6,348,350 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi)
35  Togo 6,191,155 56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi)
36  Libya 5,298,152 1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)
37  Central African Republic 3,859,139 622,984 km2 (240,535 sq mi)
38  Mauritania 3,718,678 1,030,700 km2 (397,955 sq mi)
39  Republic of the Congo 3,697,490 342,000 km2 (132,047 sq mi)
40  Liberia 3,476,608 111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi)
41  Namibia 2,280,700 825,418 km2 (318,696 sq mi)
42  Botswana 2,024,904 581,726 km2 (224,606 sq mi)
43  Lesotho 1,894,194 30,355 km2 (11,720 sq mi)
44  Equatorial Guinea 1,882,450 28,051 km2 (10,831 sq mi)
45  Gabon 1,802,278 267,668 km2 (103,347 sq mi)
46  Guinea-Bissau 1,530,673 36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi)
47  Mauritius 1,261,208 2,040 km2 (788 sq mi)
48  Equatorial Guinea 1,222,442 28,051 km2 (10,831 sq mi)
49  Eswatini (Swaziland) 1,119,375 17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi)
50  Djibouti 864,618 23,200 km2 (8,958 sq mi)
 Réunion (France) 840,974  
51  Comoros 806,200 2,235 km2 (863 sq mi)
Western Sahara 510,713  
52  Cape Verde 491,875 4,033 km2 (1,557 sq mi)
 Mayotte (France) 212,600 August 21, 2012
53  São Tomé and Príncipe 201,784 964 km2 (372 sq mi)
54  Seychelles 90,945 451 km2 (174 sq mi)
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 5,633  

 

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